Of 20 major global economies, Asian countries are among the least prepared to combat the threats of societal ageing and workplace automation, according to a new study from Mercer and Marsh & McLennan Insights.
The Ageing and Automation Resilience Index analyses the mitigating factors a country has in place to tackle the challenges of ageing and job automation among older workers, as well as the strength of their local retirement system, to assess a country’s preparedness to manage ageing and automation.
Mitigating factors include higher older worker labour force participation, an adequate level of pension fund assets, favourable socio-economic conditions, and appropriate policy and legal conditions.
South Korea (20) ranks at the bottom of the list, with China (18) and Japan (17) not far behind. Singapore (13) ranks the highest out of the four Asian countries included in the Ageing and Automation Resilience Index (AARI). Denmark (1), Australia (2) and Sweden (3) are the most resilient countries to ageing and automation challenges.
Globally, governments and organisations are experiencing a time of significant disruption. Technological advancements are increasingly putting low-skilled routine jobs at risk of automation – jobs that older workers aged 50 and over are often employed in.
At the same time, populations around the world are ageing, with elderly populations growing and working-age populations shrinking.
Peta Latimer, Mercer CEO for Singapore, said that this could represent an opportunity for firms to capitalise on a new source of labour.
“As semi-retirement and re-retirement becomes normalized, employers should take this opportunity to tap into an experienced, eager and productive pool of talent.
“Inclusive employment requires new ideas for designing work, changing the make-up of the traditional full-time workforce and rethinking the role of managers. Some measures could include ‘elasticising’ the workforce through freelance and flexible approaches to working. In this way, older workers can become part of a shared ‘pool’ of resources that specialise in certain skills and provide the decades of experience that can be accessed by other organisations.” said Ms Latimer.
The report’s results highlights key differences between countries, including:
Mercer’s CEO Asia Renee McGowan said the index demonstrated that individuals as well as government and corporate structures in Asia shoulder a shared responsibility towards being more prepared for the rapid societal ageing and technological advancements that are particularly apparent in Asia.
“We are fast approaching the most significant generational tipping point in history. By 2030, Japan will become the world’s first ‘ultra-aged’ nation, with those aged 65 and over accounting for more than 28 per cent of the population, while Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan’s elderly cohort making up more than one in four people.
“But, older workers are now more than ever faced with the risk of losing their jobs to automation, endangering their ability to finance their longevity. Businesses need to better leverage their experienced workforce, with people more willing and able to work past the age of 65.”
Businesses can also help employees to recalibrate and plan in order to prepare them for transition rather than be disrupted by it. This can be achieved through creating career path assessments around their employees’ financial decision making, physical health and future career opportunities, as well as targeted skills-gap training regardless of age.
The report ‘The Aging and Automation Resilience Index: Building resilience for aging workforces facing industry 4.0’ can be found here.
Mercer delivers advice and technology-driven solutions that help organizations meet the health, wealth and career needs of a changing workforce. Mercer’s more than 25,000 employees are based in 44 countries and the firm operates in over 130 countries. Mercer is a business of Marsh & McLennan Companies (NYSE: MMC), the world’s leading professional services firm in the areas of risk, strategy and people with 76,000 colleagues and annualized revenue approaching $17 billion. Through its market-leading businesses including Marsh, Guy Carpenter and Oliver Wyman, Marsh & McLennan helps clients navigate an increasingly dynamic and complex environment. For more information, visit www.mercer.com.sg.